The Roaring 20's

The 1920’s is an interesting time for both America and the world. The horrors of The Great War are over and the world has moved into a decade of unprecedented economic growth.

But the 20’s are not without the problems the The Volstead Act has had unintended consequences organised crime has increased and become more violent and police corruption has increased.

Culturally the times have changed, Jazz is now the most popular music listened to over America’s increasingly popular radio networks. Cinema is one of Americas most popular cultural past times, with black and white silent cinema currently being the norm. Although there have been some experiments with sound, all of the major studios are pushing to be the first to release a talky.

Along with Jazz woman’s fashion has changed, hem lines have risen, and neck lines have plunged replacing the dour European Victorian style of dress. The wearers of this new fashion have been nicknamed ‘The Flappers’. Art deco is is the currently in vogue artistic style for both goods, art and architecture. Ancient Egypt is also in vogue and influencing the arts and fashions of the day and its popularity has reached fever pitch since Howard Carters discovery of the lost tomb of the boy king Tutankhamun.

Paris is also a major cultural influence on the world and especially America with its collective of American expatriate authors and artists lead by Gertrude Stein, known as the lost generation.

Europe is gripped by a sea change in politics; the success of the Bolshevik October revolution and the creation of the Soviet Union and the Italy embracing fascism. Has caused radical political groups of socialists and nationalists to spring up across the continent. These two ideologies are diametrically opposed to one another and has lead to violent clashes between the two groups. People are wondering what role these new political forces will have to play in Europe’s future.

Time Line

1920

  • Jan 1st – Babe Ruth sold to New York Yankees for $125,000 making it the largest sum paid for a player yet in baseball history.
  • Jan 10th – League of Nations comes into force.
  • Jan 13th – The New York Times publishes an article ridiculing Robbert H. Goddard, the American rocket scientist. For his speculative views on space travel.
  • Jan 16th – Prohibition comes into force in America.
  • Jan 19th – U.S. congress votes against joining the League of Nations.
  • March 19th – U.S. congress refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles.
  • March 26th – British send the Black and Tans to Ireland to help quell the worsening revolutionary situation.
  • March 31st – The Government of Ireland Act 1920 is presented in the British Parliament.
  • June 13th – The United States Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent via parcel post.
  • August 2nd – The British Parliament passes a bill to restore order in Ireland, suspending jury trials.
  • August 20th – The first commercial radio station in the United States, 8MK, begins operations in Detroit, Michigan.
  • August 26th – The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, giving women the right to vote for the first time in U.S. history.
  • September 16th – A bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City, killing 38 and injuring 400.
  • September 22th – The Flying Squad is formed in the London Metropolitan Police.
  • October 27th – The League of Nations moves its headquarters to Geneva, Switzerland.
  • November 2nd – United States presidential election, Republican Warren G. Harding defeats Democrat James M. Cox, in the first national U.S. election in which women have the right to vote. Also first Presidential to be broadcast live via radio.
  • November 15th – In Geneva, the first assembly of the League of Nations is held.
  • November 21st – British forces open fire on spectators and players during a football match in Dublin’s Croke Park, killing 14 Irish civilians.
  • December 11th – Martial law is declared in Ireland.
  • December 23th – The United Kingdom and France ratify the border between French-held Syria and British-held Palestine.

1921

  • January 20th – The Royal Navy K-boat K5 sinks in the English Channel with all 56 hands on board.
  • February 12th – The Democratic Republic of Georgia is invaded by Russia.
  • February 25th – The Red Army enters Georgian capital Tbilisi and installs a Moscow-directed communist government.
  • February 28th – Russian sailors begin rebelling in Kronstadt.
  • March 17th – The Red Army crushes the Kronstadt rebellion.
  • April – The Allies of The Great War reparations commission announce that Germany has to pay 132 billion gold marks ($33 billion) in annual installments of 2.5 billion gold marks.
  • May 3rd – The province of Northern Ireland is created under the United Kingdom.
  • July 11th – The Irish War of Independence comes to an end when a truce is signed between the British Government and Irish forces.
  • August – Rising prices of food and basic goods cause major riots in Munich, Germany.
  • November 7th – The Italian Fascist Party is founded.
  • December 1st – Rising prices of food and basic goods cause riots in Vienna, Austria.

1922

  • January 15th – Michael Collins becomes Chairman of the Irish Provisional Government.
  • February 6th – Pope Pius XI succeeds Pope Benedict XV as the 259th pope.
  • February 28th – The United Kingdom accepts the independence of Egypt.
  • March 20th – The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
  • April 3rd – Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.
  • May 30th – The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • June 28th – Ireland begins to descend into civil war.
  • September 22nd – The Mandate of Palestine is approved by the Council of the League of Nations.
  • October 18th – The British Broadcasting Company is formed.
  • October 27th – 29th. Members of The Italian Fascist Party March on Rome.
  • October 30th – Benito Mussolini asked to form a government, The Italian Fascist Party come to power.
  • November 4th – Archaeologist Howard Carter finds the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
  • November 15th – The Conservative party wins the U.K. general election, Andrew Bonar Law declared as Prime Minister.

1923

  • March 9th – Vladimir Lenin retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government. Due to ill health.
  • May 24th – The Irish Civil War ends.
  • June 18th – Mount Etna erupts in Italy
  • September 1st – Massive earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan.
  • September 10th – Ireland joins the League of Nations.

The Roaring 20's

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